Nowadays, considering the increase in combustible items surrounding such as IT systems that most people simply cannot do without and basic household items, the threat of a possible fire outbreak is higher than ever. As such, there is a need for fire suppression systems that can detect fires as well as putting them out in case of a fire breakout in your place of residence and work.
Types Of Fire Suppression Systems
Here are some of the best suppression systems and how they work in different types of situations.
1. Gas-Based Fire Suppression Systems – These fire systems use inert gases to suppress fires. They are one of the most relied on systems. One of the most common gases used is carbon dioxide. Other gases like argonite and inergen may also be used.
2. Powder-Based Fire Suppression Systems – A powder makes use of inert powder to suppress fire. Once fire is detected, the powder is discharged to cover the burning objects to suppress the fire.
3. Water Mist Fire Suppression Systems – This is a very popular and effective system for suppressing fire. As the name suggests, it uses water and mist to suppress fire. The water may be discharged at high or low pressures depending on the building’s setting.
How To Choose The Right Fire Suppression System
The effectiveness of a fire suppression system mainly depends on the building’s setting and what can cause a fire. As such, there are some factors to consider when choosing the suppression system to install within your building.
Before choosing a suppression system, it is wise to first understand all its features and exactly how it works. Next, you should consider the building’s setting and what could cause a fire. This is very important as some fire suppression systems cause more harm than good.
For instance, a gas-based system that relies on CO2 is not advisable for an occupied building as it may end up killing the occupants in the building since it works by eliminating oxygen, which supports fire but is also a basic need for survival.
A water mist fire suppression system would be a bad idea for building housing electronic equipment, as the water would end up damaging the equipment instead of protecting it.
It is also good to acknowledge the fact that not all buildings are built the same way. This may affect the way a fire suppression system works. As such, it is important that the system be installed in such a way that it works optimally in the specific building’s setting.
Different systems also come at different prices depending on the work involved in installation and the fire suppression agents they use. This matters, but it should not be a priority. Why? The loss you may end up incurring due to the fire may cost you more than the price of the system. What’s more, the value of your life and the lives of others in the building is priceless.
To be on the safe side, have the right fire suppression system installed in your premises to keep you, the people around you, and your property safe.
When it comes to fire suppression systems, the FM-200 Fire Suppression Systems are some of the best. They are clean and fast extinguishing agents that are accepted the world over. The FM-200 Fire Suppression Systems are approved for indoor use and can be deployed in occupied areas. This is great for places that take personnel safety very seriously. Stored in cylinders as a pressurized liquid, it is discharged through an intricate piping network that goes into the designated area.
How it works
Its main working mechanism is extinguishing the fire by absorbing the heat and causing a chemical reaction with the fire. It does not conduct electricity and it is absolutely non-corrosive. On top of all that, it does not leave any oily deposit or residue. It is very easy to clean and takes very little time especially when it is combined with a reliable post discharge extract system.
This fire extinguishing system can be used to various occupied areas which include:- Data centers and computer suites- Enclosures for gas turbines- Enclosures for telecommunication- data storage facilities such as archives, museums and Power generation plants
The following features make these systems some of the best in the world:
- The gaseous fire protection is colorless as well as odorless- It is completely safe to use in occupied areas such as office suites- These systems are also suitable to use in areas that can be considered critical risk areas- The system requires a very small designated storage area. This system also has a no ozone depleting potential- these systems have been approved for class a&b fires.
When it comes to fire suppression systems, you want something that is not only effective and efficient, but also safe to use within enclosed, occupied spaces. That is what these systems offer you. They are safe, effective, and approved for use within enclosed spaces. It is however paramount that the proper service and maintenance be carried out every so often to ensure that these systems are in good working condition. You need proper in house system’s integrity testing as well as liquid level testing. These all have to be done by an accredited fire solutions company. The FM-200 Fire Suppression Systems work for you, make sure that you have taken all the necessary steps to make that work effective.
Room integrity testing is a way of determining whether your fire-protected area is well sealed. This is important in preventing the escape of gaseous extinguishing agent from the area.
A fire suppression system will only be reliable if the area is well sealed. If the place catches fire and the fire suppression system releases gaseous agent and it escapes the room there is a possibility the fire could reignite.
To ensure the integrity of your fire suppression system, we carry out room integrity testing so that we can confirm that your area is well sealed before installing a fire suppression system.
The effectiveness of a fire suppression system can only be guaranteed if the protected area and checks are carried out regularly. This is the reason we offer annual system maintenance and room integrity testing.
Feel free to contact us for advice before installing a fire suppression system.
There are many reasons why it would be a good idea for you to have a fire suppression system fitted in your premises. One of the reasons is that they help keep the cost of insurance down. When you need to insure your home or property against fire and other hazards, the company providing the cover will always do an inspection to see what hazards are within the home. If it is too risky (such as if it has too many fire hazards), the application is likely to be declined, and if not you may end up having to pay a lot in premiums. In most cases, simply installing the fire suppression system is cheaper.
However, you still need to be careful about how you go about this. There are many companies that claim to offer fire suppression systems, but most of them may not offer the quality of service that you require. In such cases, you may end up purchasing a system that is not very effective, which in turn means that it will not protect your premises the way you want it to. It pays to make sure that you go through the details to make sure that you get the best out of your system.
There are a number of things you need to look out for in order to facilitate this. Some of these include:
Work with certified companies
When you are looking for fire suppression systems, it’s always a good idea to only purchase them from companies that have some kind of accreditation. This way, you can be sure that they conform to very high standards. This in turn ensures that if you get any of such systems from them you can trust them to keep you and your family safe.
It’s never a good idea to buy a fire suppression system and then not service them on a regular basis. You should always get your fire suppression systems from firms that have a good reputation for offering high quality after sales services. For instance, they should do periodic checks to make sure the systems are working, and should also be able to carry out any repairs and replacements if need be. A company such as Aspect Fire would be most ideal for this application since they have a long history of offering such services with ease.
It might seem difficult to get the reviews of the companies that provide fire suppression systems, but it’s always a good thing to do so. This way, companies that provide services that are of low quality can be avoided. With the introduction of the Internet, it has become very easy for anyone to get this kind of information with ease. You should therefore strive to get it. This will help you avoid many of the headaches associated with getting low quality systems.
Water mist fire suppression is a highly versatile and an efficient fire-fighting medium. The main difference between a water mist system and a traditional water-based system is its’ reduced droplet-size. When a water droplet vaporizes, it normally expands by 1,600 times, because heat-absorption is the function of surface-area, not the volume, smaller water droplets mean more surface-area hence faster heat-absorption. A water-mist system can serve in a wide-variety of places especially where gas-suppression or traditional-sprinklers are not practical or suitable, these include; shopping centers, petrol stations, hotels, hospitals, data centers, care homes and may more.
Water mist has a unique-ability or feature to release water-droplets as a fine-atomized mist. The mist is then quickly-converted to steam that smothers the fire which in turn prevents any further oxygen or air reaching the fire. The evaporation also creates a cooling effect of combustion-gases, which blocks or stops transfer of radiant-heat. The water mist system-combines the fire-suppression properties of both the conventional water based Deluge or sprinkler systems and the gaseous fire-suppression systems.
Utilizing the unique-properties of Water mist, Tyco Fire and Integrated Solutions have developed both a low-pressure and a high-pressure version of Water-Mist delivering system. Branded as ProtectoMist Low-pressure water-mist and MicroDrop High-Pressure water mist, both of these systems have unique-features and unique benefits which are designed to combat a wide-variety of specific fire risks.
The Low-pressure water-mist systems [also abbreviated as, LPWM system] consist of storage tanks and low-pressure pumps, they normally use more-water than the high pressure water systems [HPWM] although significantly much less than the traditional sprinkler systems.
Due to the lower-pressures involved, the pipe-work installation can be carried-out using different materials like copper pipes and even special plastic pipe-work.
The High-pressure water mist-systems [HPWM] consist of high-pressure pumps and storage-tanks or water cylinders and pressurized nitrogen-cylinders to discharge water. Installation is carried-out utilizing small-bore stainless steel pipe-work and high-pressure discharge-nozzles. They only use small water quantities and they are much more expensive to install than the low pressure-water mist systems.
The Ansul R-102 Fire Suppression System is specifically designed to protect areas that are associated with restaurant style ventilation and cooking equipment. High temperature cooking oils, slow-cooling appliances and deep fat fryers are things used every day in commercial kitchens and these can cause a devastating fire within an instant. Therefore, the need to protect staff and consumers from fire and other fire-related dangers is imperative. The Ansul R-102 Fire Suppression System is designed to do just that and uses new fusible link technology, which has been tried and tested to quickly detect fire and save any businesses from being exposed to severe fire damage.
The Ansul R-102 Fire Suppression System automatically monitors for potential risk of fire every single day of year by using detectors, which are installed within the machine’s ductwork. These are designed to quickly suppress any fire within a kitchen. The unique system uses a liquid fire suppressant, which has a low PH and can be cleaned up quickly, as well as being environmentally friendly. The machine is not an eyesore in the kitchen; it has a contemporary design and can be installed fairly easily.
The suppression agent used in the system is sprayed onto fire and forms a solid layer of foam, which reduces the supply of oxygen to the fire and suppresses it within thirty seconds. The commercial kitchen can then quickly be cleaned up and business can continue as normal. Ansul also offers a call out service in order to maintain the system. This service is available 24 hours a day, seven days a week and helps to keep the R-102 in perfect working order.
If you would like to see a video on how the Ansul R-102 works then click here.
Gaseous fire suppression is a term used to describe the use of inert gases and chemical agents to extinguish a fire. It also referred to as Clean Agent Fire Suppression. Gaseous fire suppression systems are particularly used in high-risk areas where a minor fire within a critical area could have serious financial repercussions or a critical effect on the ability to deliver services. These fire suppression systems consists of the agent, agent storage containers, release valves, fire detection system (fire detectors, wiring control panel, and actuation signalling), agent dispersion nozzles and agent delivery piping.
Types of Gaseous Fire Suppression Systems
There are two main types of gaseous fire suppression systems: inert gas and chemical agents.
1. Inert Gas Fire Suppression Systems
The inert gases that are used include ARGONITE (IG55), ARGOGEN (IG55), INERTSAFE (IG541) and INERGEN (IG541).
These gases extinguish fires based on the principle of oxygen depletion where the oxygen concentration is reduced below 15%, which is an acceptable level for human exposure, but insufficient to allow fire to grow.
2. Chemical Fire Suppression Systems
The chemical agent acts not by the removal of oxygen, but they extinguish fire primarily by cooling at the molecular level. The widely used chemical agents include; NOVEC 1230, FM200 (HFC-277ea), FS 49 C2 and HFC-125. The molecules of these chemicals are capable of physically absorbing heat so that the temperature of the flame falls to a point to which it cannot grow, therefore, suppressing any further propagation.
Methods of Application
Generally, there are two methods of applying an extinguishing agent:
1. Total flooding: Gaseous fire suppression systems working on this principle by apply an extinguishing agent throughout an enclosed space. This is meant to achieve an agent concentration that is adequate enough to put out the fire.
2. Local application: Systems working using the principle of local application apply an extinguishing agent directly onto a 2-D fire area, but can also be applied into the 3-D region immediately surrounding the object on fire. However, in this case, there’s no physical barriers enclosing the fire space.
Gaseous fire suppression systems activation can be manual or automatic. The gas is discharged through a pipe network system and enters the protected environment through the appropriately designed nozzles.